Crosses of Boar and Mubende Goats at Ruhengyere Field station

National Small Ruminants Breeding Resources Centre unit (1. Goats)

All over Uganda there is an increasing interest in goats and goat products – both dairy and meat. This is due increase in population density, greater demand for meat and milk, yet reduced availability of pasture land because of increased arable farming activity. In some areas such as the highlands of Kigezi, Rwenzori and Elgon this can take a very extreme form, such that keeping goats becomes the only option available for the majority of families desiring consistent supplies of milk, meat and sustainable income.

NAGRC & DB is currently promoting goat production through raising an ellite parent stock of pure South African Boer, Pure Black Mubende, Pure Mubende spotted, the Kasolwe Small East African breed and the Kigezi. The center is also engaged in cross breeding of the indigenous goats with the South African Boer goats and availing the offspring (50% and 75%) to several farmers across the country. NAGRC & DB is also promoting goat breeders associations in different parts of the country.  The associations serve as private sector organizations to multiply good quality parent stock for access by other farmers.

 

NAGRC & DB is also in the process of developing the dairy goat industry through working with the existing dairy goat breeders networks in Mount Elgon and Rwenzori. Through this framework and using assisted reproductive technologies, these farmers will be supported to access high quality dairy goat genetics and trained on best management practices for improved production and productivity.

 

On-going interventions and future prospects for goat improvement in Uganda

  1. Community based breeding programs
  2. Nucleus breeding programs
    1. Open nucleus – with the centre farms and selected breeders in the various agro-ecological zones
    2. Contract mating – to be linked with the buckstud
  3. Out scaling Artificial insemination and embryo transfer technologies
    1. Training of technicians
    2. Purchase of equipment
    3. Implementation of ambulatory goat AI programs
  4. Goat production for strategic export
    1. Creation of disease control zones
    2. Set and enforce standards that meet the export demands
  5. Conservation of the indigenous goat genetic resources in Uganda
  6. Establishment of a goat resource centre and buck stud.
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